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Why a new nuclear power plant

The need for a new nuclear power plant is based on the requirements for ensuring the energy security of the Slovak Republic (SR) in the field of electricity generation, which is defined in the current Energy Policy of SR (2014). Implementation of the new nuclear power plant will enable to meet the commitments accepted by the Slovak Republic in the area of reducing greenhouse gas emissions while ensuring a reliable supply of electricity from its own controlled resources for the needs of the economy and citizens. The functions of all spheres of economy and living conditions of the population depend on availability of electricity.

In the countries of European Union (EU) there is a clear correlation between gross domestic product (GDP) and electricity consumption per capita. In all forecasts of the development of production and consumption balance the GDP growth towards the EU average is expected. In the near future it will be necessary to ensure adequate new sources of electricity as a replacement of current production sources that are approaching the end of their lifetime. In the case of thermal (coal) power plants it is expected that the share of electricity production in Slovakia will decrease in the coming period. This will be caused by progressive decommissioning of the existing plants, which are approaching the end of their lifetime, and by a limited construction of new plants using fossil fuels, whereas it is desirable to favour low-carbon electricity production.

In the case of renewable energy sources the increase of their share on total electricity production could be expected. Due to their highly variable character of production these power plants are not suitable for covering electricity baseload in conditions of Slovakia. At newly planned hydropower plants are considered mainly to be used to provide regulatory services.

If the construction of the new nuclear power plant is not implemented, Slovakia may face a real danger of lack of electricity power sources to cover its own consumption around the year 2035. The lack of electricity in the near future is not possible to replace by other low-carbon energy sources and the future deficit would have to be covered primarily by import. Dependence on electricity import thus presents a direct threat to the energy security of the country.

The new nuclear power plant in Jaslovské Bohunice site presents is reliable and safe source of electricity. The project of the new nuclear power takes into the account the following issues: the relevant international commitments of the Slovak Republic in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the energy demands of SR established by competent national concepts, the expected development of consumption and production of electricity in the Slovak Republic, the efficient use of available infrastructure of Jaslovské Bohunice site.

In this context, the new nuclear power plant in Jaslovské Bohunice site will provide one of the fundamental components of the concept of multi-source low-carbon energy mix of Slovakia. It is not the option of excluding other low-carbon sources of electricity the development of which is expected to continue in the context of the Energy Policy of the Slovak Republic.

Preparation of the new nuclear power plant in Jaslovské Bohunice site complies with all relevant strategic and conceptual documents of the Slovak Republic, in particular with the Energy Security Strategy of the Slovak Republic (2008) and the Energy Policy (2014). Preparation of the new nuclear power plant is also in line with the guidelines and documents of the European Union, related to low-carbon energy, energy security and competitiveness, as well as to all the commitments of the Slovak Republic resulting from those documents.