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1) What is the environmental impact assessment, and what steps is it composed of?

The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is one of the tools of the environmental policy for the provision of the sustainable development. The environmental impact assessment is given by the Act No. 24/2006 on Environmental Impact Assessment. The purpose of such assessment is to provide the complex identification, description and assessment of the supposed environmental impacts of the proposed activity, i.e. the project of the new nuclear power plant in the Jaslovské Bohunice site.

The EIA process includes the comparison of the impact of the proposed activity with the existing status of the environment in the area of this activity performance as well in the area of its supposed impact. The EIA process is regulated by the Act No. 24/2006 Coll. on Environmental Impact Assessment, as later amended. This act provides the full compatibility with the legislation of the European Union as well as with international agreements binding for the Slovak republic.

The performance of the assessment is composed of several steps: Elaboration of the Preliminary Study and its commenting; determination of the scope of the assessment and time schedule of the subsequent assessment; elaboration of the Assessment Report and its commenting; public hearing; elaboration of the expert opinion and issue of the final standpoint. This specified process results in the expert basis to issue the decision on permitting the activity under special regulations.

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