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Summary on EIA process

1)   What is the environmental impact assessment, and what steps is it composed of?

The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is one of the tools of the environmental policy for the provision of the sustainable development. The environmental impact assessment is given by the Act No. 24/2006 on Environmental Impact Assessment. The purpose of such assessment is to provide the complex identification, description and assessment of the supposed environmental impacts of the proposed activity, i.e. the project of the new nuclear power plant in the Jaslovské Bohunice site. ... Read more

2)   Who are the participants of the process?

The participiants of the EIA process are - Competent Authority, Customer, Department Authority, Licensing Authority, Concerned Body, Community Concerned, Public, Engaged Public, Qualified Person, Other participants.  ... Read more

3)    What is the PRELIMINARY STUDY and what is the purpose of it?

The PRELIMINARY STUDY is the first document elaborated in the process of the assessment of the environmental impact of proposed activity pursuant to the Act No. 24/2006 on Environmental Impact Assessment, as later amended. The purpose of the PRELIMINARY STUDY, in accordance with the Act, is to give the basic characteristic of the proposed activity; the basic data of the contemporary status of the environment in the area where the activity is to be performed as well as the areas which could be impacted by the proposed activity. The purpose of the PRELIMINARY STUDY is not to give detailed or comprehensive information on environmental impacts of the proposed activity but to present the proposed activity; concerned area; the status of the environment in the concerned area and to identify the potential impacts of this activity to the environment and human health, including the cumulative and synergic impacts. Read more

4)   What is the REPORT and what is the purpose of it?

The EIA REPORT is a detailed searching document containing the detailed assessment of the impacts of the new nuclear power plant to individual components of the environment and to the health of the population on the basis of the performed detailed analyzes. The content and the structure of the ASSESSMENT REPORT of the proposed activity is defined in the Attachment No. 11 of the Act No. 24/2006 Coll. ... Read more

5)    What is the selected methodic approach to the environmental impact assessment? What is the envelope method?

The basic methodic approach in the area of the environmental impact assessment and in the area of the nuclear energy sector is the focus on assessment safety. The elaboration of the PRELIMINARY REPORT and subsequently of the ASSESSMENT REPORT of the proposed activity is subordinated thoroughly to the conservative approach. Any possible environmental impacts of the new nuclear power plant are assessed from the point of view of the most unfavorable parameters. This enables to assure that the assessment processes will affect all impacts of the proposed activity at their potential maximum. … Read more

6)    What is the subject of the proposed activity?

The proposed activity includes the construction of one Pressurized Water Reactor unit (PWR) of generation III+ with net electric output power up to 1700 MWe in the Jaslovské Bohunice site including all related areas, civil structures and technology equipment. The activity includes the power plant unit and its infrastructure (via electricity grid and water management) connection. The proposed activity also provides solution for the generally accepted demand for this type of power plant (as a nuclear power plant) expressed in the relevant strategic documents of the Slovak Republic - The Energy Policy of SR 2014. ... Read more

7)   Where will the proposed activity be located?

The extent of the areas for location of all components of the proposed activity is specified conservatively in the REPORT (by maximal possible scope) and the real scope will be rather smaller. The proposed activity will be situated in the area immediately connected with the existing site of the nuclear facilities Jaslovské Bohunice. The released areas of this site will be partially exploited as well. ... Read more

8)   Which technology is intended to be used in the NNPP project?

The new nuclear power plant will be realized with the utilization of the reactor of generation III+. This generation comes out from the well-proven types of the generation II and it represents the best available technology up-to-date. The summary of the features. ... Read more

9)  What are the basic technical requirements / conditions of NNPP?

Type:                                           pressurized water reactor (PWR)

Generation:                                  III+

Total electric installed capacity:     one reactor unit with maximal net installed electric capacity up to 1700 MWe

Operational lifetime:                      60 years

The project will be designed in order to assure fulfillment of all relevant legislative regulations and safety standards in accordance with regulations and requirements of ÚJD SR, IAEA and WENRA in the course of the whole lifetime cycle of the power plant.

10) Who will be the supplier?

Several reputable manufacturers around the world can supply the power plant with reactor units PWR of generation III+. The supplier of the power plant will be selected subsequently in the following stages of the project preparation. The selection of the supplier itself is not a subject of the environmental impact assessment. The environmental and safety requirements for all types of reactors are identical and their impacts are considered in their potential maximum (it means that the parameters used for the impact assessment cover the parameters of all equipment types from all suppliers under consideration – the envelope method). Reference projects. ... Read more

11) What is the actual status of the environment in the proposed region?

The proposed activity is located in the area related to the existing site of the nuclear facilities Jaslovské Bohunice. The population density in the concerned area is not high. The relation of the built-up residential area (towns and villages) has been consolidated for a long time and the distance of the built-up area from the site of nuclear facilities or from the area for siting of the new nuclear power plant is sufficient. The air quality is satisfactory. No overpassing of the legislative limits is indicated in the concerned area. The noise situation is given by overlapping of noise from various activities (transport, industry, agriculture) adequately to the character of the landscape. The dominant noise source is the road transport in the built-up area of the villages. The site of the nuclear facilities, regarding more than satisfactory distance, has no acoustically significant impact here. ...Read more

12) What will be the demands on manpower?

Supposed number of the permanent employees of the power plant is 650 persons with an increase by 1000 external workers present during the regular outages of the power plant.

13) What are the anticipated impacts to the environment and to the public health?

The assessment of the anticipated impacts of the new nuclear power plant to the environment and to the public health is a part of the prepared report. The support study “The assessment of health risks and the impact of the project to public health” was elaborated as the base document for the REPORT. For assessment of the actual status of public health in the surrounding area of the nuclear facility Jaslovské Bohunice, 27 indicators were selected. These indicators in the complex view describe the condition of the population from several points of view. All health indicators are assessed during different time period of the years 1993 to 2012. No negative impact of the nuclear facilities on the health conditions of the population (in comparison with the similar sites in more distant areas that could not be impacted by any nuclear facility) was identified in any of those 27 indicators ...Read more

14) What are the guaranties of the new generations reactor?

The reactors of the generation III and III+ are safer than the reactors of the previous generations. The development of new reactors was motivated by the effort to improve the operational and reliability parameters of the reactors of category II and, at the same time to continue in the improvement of the safety characteristics. The license holder is responsible for the nuclear safety in the relevant nuclear facility - it means the operator of the relevant nuclear facility. The regulatory authority in the area of the nuclear safety in the territory of Slovak Republic is Úrad jadrového dozoru (ÚJD SR = Nuclear Regulatory Authority of SR). The authority controls whether all activities of the license holders are in accordance with the rules of the provision of nuclear safety. The UJD SR provides the supervision of the nuclear safety in the nuclear facilities in order to assure that the nuclear energy in Slovak Republic is used safely and to avoid public health risk, property damage and environmental risks. The basic safety characteristics of the reactors of generation III and III+ in relation to the previous generations are ...Read more

15) What will be the subsequent procedure of the investment preparation?

The new nuclear power plant will be subject to the standard procedures for siting and licensing of the civil structure as well as to the specific procedures for nuclear facilities.  In each stage of the assessment process before the issue of the relevant permission pursuant to the Atomic Act permission the operator shall submit documentation that contents the safety assessment elaborated in details appropriate to the level of the status of the preparation of the nuclear power plant project.